When I buy a handmade item, I sometimes think about a book I read awhile back, Small Mediums at Large by Terry Iacuzzo. I won't get into the details of this fascinating memoir of a family of psychics, but I mention it because one of the sisters in the book had the gift of paranormal psycho-metry, meaning she could hold an object and know its story, like its past. Not that I always wonder about an object's past, but I do wonder about the story of how a piece of art, jewelry, painting, or whatever came into being. What's the inspiration behind it? Why did the maker make it? I figure that you might also wonder the same, which is why I want to share the stories of how 5 pieces in our shop came to be. Definitely contact us if you want to know more stories and meanings of other pieces. Everything has its meaning and reason for coming into being.
1) The Galactic Butterfly
I first saw this pattern called the Galactic Butterfly in 2009 when I read about its symbolism on the Mayan Majix website. I cannot tell you enough about how much I fell in love with everything about the Butterfly. I was SO excited when I showed Pedro the symbol and its meaning and I said something along the lines of, "This MUST be made into BEADS!!" Yes, it was that dramatic. He liked the idea and asked a friend, Jose Luis, to help him out on making the design into a beaded pattern. Jose Luis came up with a first pattern and Pedro transformed it into what you see here. The Galactic Butterfly and its symbol is said to represent all of the consciousness that has ever existed in this galaxy. Wow!! Yes, I had to highlight that... and now with caps.... ALL OF CONSCIOUSNESS... IN OUR GALAXY. Enough said, right?! Well, there's more. "It is our ancestors: human, animal, reptile, fish, shell fish, plants. It's the consciousness that organized all of the raw material from a whirling disk into stars and then planets and solar systems. This design was devised by Toltec or Zapotec weavers as patterns for blankets. Butterflies are seen as ancestors returning for a visit to physicality. Wearing this symbol is very powerful as it broadcasts your reaching actively to join the consciousness of our galaxy". Whoa! I was completely stopped in my tracks when I read that. The Galactic Butterfly symbol and its meaning resonates with my being and essence, which is why I asked Pedro to transform it into beads and I am ecstatic to see it and wear it.
2) Ojo de Dios
Another design I am introducing you to is "Ojo de Dios", Eye of God. It was inspired by the culturally rich and colorful artwork of the Huichol Indians of Northern Mexico. "Ojo de Dios" is the protector of children, and is the seeing and power of unknown things. This is Pedro's own contemporary interpretation of "ojo". I love the way the diamond center "eye" knows what one may not know. It's a protector, a guardian, a watcher. Its intricate colors represent all that is the great mystery, the great unknown. Pedro beaded it right on the loom, without using a drawing or making a pattern first. Each time he beads this or other similar designs, he concentrates and uses a meditative technique of counting beads to skillfully create each piece. It's really quite amazing.
3) The Greca
This Greca symbol is found predominately throughout Zapotec regions of Oaxaca, most notably in Mitla, not far from where we live. Mitla is an extraordinary and inspiring place to visit. One just gets captivated by the vast skies and surreal landscapes that surround Mitla. This enigmous and sacred Greca symbol needed to be transformed into bead work. The Greca is a reminder that all forms of life are connected, inseparable, unending.
On a side note, if you are ever in Oaxaca, go check out those ruins at Mitla. People generally flock to the more popular, Monte Alban, which is an absolute must see, but you will not be disappointed by Mitla. Let us know what you think about the Grecas if you go and check out how you'll start seeing the symbol everywhere around Oaxaca.
picture of Mitla - courtesy of zapotecnativeart.com
Here is another one of my favorites. This beaded stone was inspired by sacred geometry, as the Merkaba symbol represents, and mandala-like designs that the Huichol Indians work with. The Merkaba symbol is powerful in that it pulls up the Earth energy from below and pulls down the celestial forces from above, hence forming a harmonious energy balance that's at once up-lifting and grounding. It's also considered a chariot, a vehicle of light and consciousness. Sacred geometry is captured in its shapes and correspond to elements (earth, air, water, fire, ether). See here for more on Merkaba and sacred geometry. They are VERY interesting concepts and demonstrate such intricate designs. The Huichol Indians also use mandala geometry in their work, which is equally inspiring in making pieces such as this beaded stone. I like placing beaded stones like these in our roof garden (and my attempt at making a fairy garden). The grounding element of stones mixed with the beaded mandala designs make for a great balance of the Heavens and Earth among our veges and herbs. Love that!
You may have seen and read about calaveras in our last blog. Calavera is the Spanish word for skull. In Mexico, they remind us to live each moment to its fullest, to face one’s mortality with a smile and with courage, and to trust in the immortality of an afterlife. I wanted to include the design here because there are so many ideas about skulls, from pirates to poison, to Halloween, so why not point out why it shows up in Pachamama's work and also what it means for us.
So, these are the main designs you see in our work, but there is more I'd like to mention. We have a lot of animal designs on our site. All animals are sacred and each holds its own potentially powerful medicine.They are our friends, guardians and teachers. They offer us their wisdom and beading them into art is a way to honor their them and their gifts. Gemstones are also elements we work with. They have healing properties that can serve and protect its wearer. They are beautiful crystals that are powerful in their own rite and I want to acknowledge them as such.
You can bet that each piece on our site was inspired by something meaningful for us. In that sense, it came into physicality to be a gift for the creator, admirer, and wearer. Each piece was made with intentions of positive and loving thoughts for the wearer and admirer. That you can be sure of. In fact, every time I send one of our pieces to our customers, it is in loving gratitude, and it is our intention for you to enjoy each of our items in peace, prosperity, and good health.
Danielle Conte is the writer this of Pachamama Native Art blog. She lives and works with her husband, Pedro Robledo, Beadist, Designer, and Co-Owner of Pachamama Native Art. They live in Oaxaca, Mexico with their son. Danielle can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org and Pedro can be reached at email@example.com
WHAT'S A CALAVERA,
Autumn has begun and the most celebrated and festive (and my favorite) Mexican holiday, Dia de Los Muertos, The Day of the Dead (celebrated on November 1st and 2nd) is right around the corner. Now is the season when you’ll see a lot of calaveras, so I figured it’s a good time to take a look at them and to see them in their beauty and history.
So, what is a calavera anyway? First off, calavera is the Spanish word for skull, but the significance of calaveras has a much richer meaning in Mexican culture. You see them all around Mexico, in drawings and carvings in Pre-Hispanic Aztec and Mayan ruins to modern day graffiti, clothing, jewelry and tattoos. Although you can see calaveras throughout the year in Mexico, you most often see them during the season of Los Dias de Los Muertos. Calaveras remind us to celebrate our lives and mortality, to look at the past and future, all the while being present. They are a way for us to appreciate and to acknowledge that life is sacred, but death, "La Muerte", is another rite of passage in our lives, no less sacred than life itself. Death, too, is alive. The inevitable is not to be feared or avoided; it is to be embraced and danced. More than anything else, calaveras remind us to live each moment to its fullest, to face one’s mortality with a smile and with courage, and to trust in the immortality of an afterlife.
When you say “calavera” in Mexico, you may be referring to one of three things. For starters, you’ll find (and eat) a lot of calaveras during Los Dias de Los Muertos! That’s right, you’ll eat them! The first types of calaveras are candies made into the shapes of skulls. They were originally made out of white sugar. Now you will find calavera candies made from amaranth, chocolate or anything else sweet. They were traditionally decorated with a person’s name and then given to that person as a way to appreciate him or her. These sweet calaveras are also presented as an offering on the altar of a deceased. It’s a delicious treat for the sweet-toothed, for the living and spirited.
The second type of calavera is a humorous poem that tells a story. It jokes about living or deceased politicians, famous people, or loved ones while poking fun at death. These popular verses are recited on and around Los Dias de Los Muertos. Write calaveras for your favorite buddies to show how much you love them! Be sure to include La Muerte!
The most general meaning of calavera is any type of art or pop culture that uses skulls, "La Catrina" or skeletons as a form of expression. As you know, you’ll see calaveras everywhere around Mexico. I was walking to my house yesterday, thinking about writing this article on calaveras, when I spotted two within a two block span. One was graffiti art and the other was a skull on a passerby’s shirt. I know that skulls are popular in mainstream culture right now, but they’re particularly prevalent in Mexico. Ancient crystal skulls made from jade and quartz have been found in Mexico and Central America. Were they ancient forms of art, used for religious ceremonies or for other purposes? I suppose that’s for archeologists, anthropologists, and native Elders to determine. Even the most notable twentieth century Mexican artist, Diego Rivera, after being inspired by the "La Catrina" of cartoonist, Jose Guadalupe Posada, portrayed catrina calaveras in his own work. You’ll see famous people such as current day president, Enrique Peña Nieto, or legendary and iconic, Emiliano Zapata depicted in caricature calaveras. Modern day artists give tribute to great calaveras, too. Pedro Robledo, at Pachamama Native Art makes beaded skull earrings and bracelets and soon to come - rings. You can also find elaborately decorated Huichol style beaded, wooden, and ceramic skulls in many souvenir shops all around Mexico. Calaveras are and have always been embedded in the fabric of Mexican culture. To remove them would be to uproot and displace a culture. They are THAT important.
Now that the afternoon shadows of fall are casting longer, you’ll see more calaveras poking their heads out of shop windows, on the streets, and in the melodies of the season. Do not be afraid! When you see (or hear) calaveras, it’s a reminder to live in the moment. Yes, calaveras are telling us that we will (or maybe already have) pass on from this life at anytime. We are mortal and death can catch us when we least expect; this we know. But, it’s a more complex paradox than that. If you see political caricature calaveras, you can appreciate that the politician being represented will not reign forever; he and his character will pass. Or in the case of Zapata, his ideals will stay forever, immortalized in the living spirit of calaveras. It's life and death all at once. Since the empire days of the Aztecs, to the current growing pains of a developing country, Mexicans are no strangers to loss, tragedy and hurt. However, they know it is fleeting in the larger picture, yet forever remains etched in time. The calavera remains. It gives us an opportunity to dance and sing now, side by side with death. It points out that every moment is sacred. It gives us faith in spirit and life beyond this one. Smile and laugh now. Enjoy the present. In life, we triumph; in death we live. Forever alive. Vivan las calaveras!
Co-owner of Pachamama Native Art, Inc. and writer of this blog.